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Climbing plants always manage to give a very suggestive scenography, especially when it comes to species that produce large and showy flowers, such as those of passionflower.
Today, this beautiful climber is cultivated both for its remarkable ornamental value and for its fruit, the maracujá: they have a gelatinous pulp full of small seeds. Not only that, thepassionfloweris renowned for itsbeneficial propertiesand for this it is cultivated for its economic value. Passionflower extracts are widely used in herbal medicine and homeopathy. For each use, however, there is the suitable species.
Therepassiflora edulisit is the species cultivated for its flower grains and for its fruits known as maracujá. This berry is used in the production of juices, ice creams and other food preparations.
Therepassiflora edulisit is native to South America and does not tolerate the cold. It is cultivated in India, Africa and Australia both for its fruit and for ornamental purposes. From the leaves and flowers, infusions are prepared.
Other species cultivated for the fruit are: P. antioquiensis, P. coccinea, P. laurifolia, P. ligularis, P. maliformis, P. membranacea, P. mixta, P. mollissima, P nitida and P. vitifolia. However, among them is thePassiflora edulisthe most cultivated because it is also popular for its beneficial properties.
It is among the most cultivated ornamental species in Italy because it is able to adapt better to our climate and tolerates frost. Like most plants of the genuspassionflower, P. caerulea is also native to South America. It is among the most popular species formedicinal properties.
Passionflower in pots, to grow at home
Other species ofornamental passionflowerto be grown indoors (in a greenhouse or at home), are the species:
- Passiflora racemosa
It has reddish or whitish flowers and blooms from May to September.
- Passiflora trifasciata
It blooms from May to July with white and pink flowers.
- Violet passionflower
It blooms from August to September.
- Passiflora humbilicata
With its brownish-red flowers.
Passionflower, species with medicinal properties
Thespecies of passionflowerpopular for their medicinal properties are P. incarnata, P. edulis and P. caerulea. Of these three, theP. caeruleais the most suitable forcultivationon our territory and is very widespread for cultivation for ornamental purposes. The leaves can be used for DIY infusions and hers are very showy.
How to grow Passiflora caerulea
There cultivation of this plant does not require special knowledge or skills. Below we seehow to grow passionflower following some useful indications.
There passiflora caerulea it is a rustic and resistant plant by nature, it adapts well to our climate and produces a fairly deep root system, for this reason not all varieties are suitable for cultivation in pots. Those who want to grow passionflower in pots will have to choose a more suitable variety.
This species prefers mild temperatures but is the only one that can withstand even the winter temperatures of our area. It will be necessary to adopt protections for the cold and winter frosts, especially in Northern Italy.
In any case, the most suitable exposure is undoubtedly the one to the south, where the passionflower has the opportunity to enjoy constant lighting. It is preferable to plant it in a place sheltered from the wind, ensuring it is supported, remember that it is a climbing plant.
Irrigation must be constant, particularly in the summer, even if the plant is able to withstand drought
Passionflower adapts easily to any soil condition. Therepassiflora caerula, incropsplants, blooms in summer. Flowering is from June to September.
This species of passionflower also produces fruits.
Fertilize the passionflower
As for fertilizations, it is recommended to administer a liquid fertilizer every 15 days during from late spring until the end of flowering. After this period, the fertilizations can be monthly. Choose a fertilizer capable of providing zinc, nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and manganese.
If you have a good universal fertilizer at home, it can almost certainly be given to the plant, for safety, read the composition. If you do not have a universal liquid fertilizer at home, you can buy one from your trusted nursery or on Amazon, a good fertilizer that provides the listed nutrients is NutriOne which can be bought at a price of € 12.80 with free shipping. For all the info:NutriOne fertilizer.
C.how to grow passionflower in pot
For pot cultivation, it is preferable to use good soil with a part of peat and sand. Repotting should be done every year in spring until the plant has reached its full development; later it will be sufficient to remove and renew the most superficial layer of earth.
You can start growing passionflower from the seed or plant you buy from a specialist nursery. For the purchase of seeds, please refer to the Amazon page where there are many varieties. For all the info:Seeds on Amazon.
Passion flower pruning
Between the end of February and March is the good time to prune the plant, in order to encourage the imminent production of flowers. If done correctly, this operation will make the passion flower even more luxuriant.