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Instructions forgrow kiwifruitin the garden. From planting topruning, without forgetting thecareessential for this fruit plant.
If you have a large enough green space, you can dedicate yourself to cultivation of kiwi, a fruit rich in essential micronutrients for the body. Kiwi is a climbing plant and for this reason it needs support or particular scaffolding.
TheKiwican give life to very tasty shakesor centrifuged: the combinations are innumerable and just as numerous are the property and the benefits of this fruit. When it comes to kiwi smoothies, the most classic combination is that with apple but we can be guided by our palate to look for other tasty and healthy combinations. In the article on kiwi smoothies you can find many ideas for tasty recipes.
It is good to know that kiwi is a dioecious plant, therefore if we want to make a small domestic production we should have at least two plants, one with female flowers and one with male flowers.
The female is the plant that produces the fruit, while the male is the plant that makes pollination and fruit production possible. Growing kiwifruit it does not require particular cultivation practices, some recommendations are sufficient that we will suggest below. The only necessary precaution is to have enough space to accommodate at least two plants. Let's see in detail how grow kiwi, following some useful indications.
The botanical name of the plant isActinia deliciosa. Several varieties are known: the most popular have sweet pulp. There is no shortage of yellow-fleshed kiwifruit or red-fleshed kiwifruit with brick-colored skin.
Growing kiwifruit: useful information
Spring is the right time for planting kiwi plants, let's see how to proceed forgrow kiwifruitin the garden.
At the time of placing the plants, choose a place sheltered from the wind and arrange a support where the kiwi can cling. A distinctive style of cultivationfor thisplant is the double pergola structure.
Since kiwifruit prefers areas with good humidity and not too much light, avoid exposing the plant to direct sun.
When planting, choose a deep soil, rich in organic substances and with a neutral pH: clayey soils, with good drainage, are preferred.
- Plant sixth
Leave a space of about 2 meters between one plant and another
After building a support, prepare the soil by fertilizing it with a good dose of mature manure or ammonium sulphate. Fertilization must be repeated between autumn and winter, at least every two years.
Irrigate abundantly, making sure that the soil is always moist: avoid water stagnation that can cause diseases
Please note: if you likegrow kiwifruitin abundance, and planting more saplings, you can plant only one "male kiwi" for every 7 plants with flowers that produce fruit.
Kiwi: pruning and harvesting
The ripening of kiwis occurs when the plants are about three years old, from November until the following autumn. When to collect kiei? Fruits are ready for harvest when they take on their characteristic gray-green color.
To harvest the kiwis, simply twist the fruit slightly, which will easily detach from the twig correctly and without damaging the plant: no scissors are needed.
After harvesting it is advisable prune the branches that have fructified slightly. This operation must be carried out towards the end of winter and then in summer.
When to prune kiwifruit? Green pruning is done in summer and dry pruning in winter.
Therepruningkiwifruit is simple. The firstpruningit is done in late winter, with spring just around the corner. In this period the old branches are cut off and the productive branches are made to be 30-40 cm apart. In summer you will have to thin out the floral buttons.
How to grow kiwifruit in northern Italy
Warnings for those who live in the extreme north of Italy: the plant can stand the cold.
TheKiwi it loves temperate environments and fears frost, so cover the plant or grow it in pots. You should place the pot on trolleys with wheels so as to allow movement and the safety of the plant when the climate becomes more rigid.
The Kiwi it is rarely attacked by parasites and other insects: its greatest enemy is represented by root rot, caused by stagnation of water. The kiwi can however be attacked by aphids and scale insects.
To prevent disease, it is better to prepare a double pergola system by spacing the plants well from each other. To create this type of system, keep in mind that:
- You will need metal or wooden poles, very sturdy
- The poles must be planted in correspondence with the plants, therefore 5 m from each other on the same row
- Between one row and another, leave 2 m of space.
- To set up the support, at a height of 2 meters from the ground, fasten metal wires between one pole and another.
- Thanks to the metal wires, create a support net at a height of 2 meters. It is to these wires that, from the third year after implantation, iKiwithey will begin to bear fruit.
- The wires are used to support the productive branches of the shrub.