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Perhaps we are right when we complain about the Germans who look at us from top to bottom and force us to chase them on the path to the euro. But they there waste management urban people know how to do it well and we have something to learn in this.
Are we talking about a crisis? Well, the waste management it is not just a problem, waste is also work when it is managed in compliance with the law. The truth is that in Italy we have no idea of the missed opportunities for development and employment that we are paying for due to the inefficiency of the industrial recycling chain.
In 2011, according to ISPRA data on waste management urban (we are talking about definitive and consolidated data), the Germans have delivered 1% of the waste produced to landfills, we Italians 44% (equal to 13 million tons / year of waste). Is it because they have the incinerators and they run them? This is partly due to the fact that 37% of waste in Germany and 19% in Italy ends up in incineration, whether it is proper incinerators or waste-to-energy plants.
Germans are better than us at recycling waste. They recover 45%, we only get 24%. And in composting it is no better even if the gap seems less marked: Germany beats Italy 17 to 13 percent. A waste management urban based on recycling and composting, as we said at the outset, means work. It may also be for this reason, not only obviously, that there is more work in Germany.
No Italian territory seems more willing to welcome new landfills and the situation of the waste management it is more than critical in some large cities. Despite this, Italy continues to landfill almost half of its urban waste, with reference to the 44% we were talking about earlier. Maybe we like landfills or maybe we find them of some use.
It does not escape data examination like the waste management is profoundly different between the Italian regions and also within the same regions between the individual local realities. Looking at separate collection, in 2012 in the North it reached 52.6% of the total waste, 32.9% in the Central regions and only 26.7% in the South.
But maybe things are changing. While the share of differentiated in regions such as Calabria (13.8%) and Sicily (13.3%) remains disheartening, the fact that the greatest percentage increase is evident in the southern regions (15.1%) in 5 years) of separate waste collection (the national average increase is 12.4%). The difference that separates the different geographical areas can only be seen in this way, but it is nevertheless the sign of an improvement in waste management.