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How to collect basil seeds: advice on how take basil seeds to perform a new one cultivationof the plant for sowing.
After seeing how to do themultiplication of basil by cuttings(for further information,basil cutting), on this page we will see how to grow basil from seeds collected from adult plants.
How to collect basil seeds
Those who decide to collect and store basil seeds for sowing the following year will have to select the most robust and vigorous seedlings so as to let them bloom without cutting them.
Plants intended for seed production must be healthy. Check them periodically especially in the period preceding flowering. It will be necessary not to feed them!
- At the time of flowering, frequently check the state of the spikes so as to remove the seeds as soon as the flowers have fallen and the spikes become dry and brown in color.
- Forcollect the basil seedsyou just have to cut the dried ears and rub them in your hands to release the small seeds.
- Basil seeds can be stored for several years as long as you keep them in a closed, dry environment.
- Store the seeds in jars or bags, even better in DIY paper bags, prepared with a classic printer sheet and metal staples.
Due to the wind or our delay in harvesting basil flowers, the seeds may be lost. To prevent this from happening, you can organize yourself with support networks to be placed around the plant and its base.
For more information on the recovery and harvesting of aromatic plant or vegetable seeds, we refer you to our guide article "How to collect vegetable seeds “. You will see that, before storing the seeds, they must be dried. Drying is not necessary with basil seeds because these seeds dry at the same time as the flower. Conversely, if you anticipate the harvest of the seeds until the basil flowers are not yet dry, the risk of infertility will slightly increase and it will be necessary to dry the seeds in the sun. The presence of humidity compromises the correct conservation favoring the proliferation of molds, bacteria and other microorganisms.
How to sow basil
Basil seeds, when wet, will begin to produce agelatinous filmoutside intended to perpetuate until the moment of germination. If you notice this translucent material, don't worry, the seeds have not gone bad, this is a natural pre-germination process.
For thesowing basil, choose a fertile and soft soil. Distribute the seeds by broadcasting (scattering them randomly) on the seedbed or in the container (Semenzaio). Sowing in seedbeds, indoors, is recommended for those who intend to start cultivating thebasilin spring. Those who wait for summer can sow directly in the open field.
When the basil seeds sprout, the seedlings need temperatures between 18 and 22 ° C to thrive.
The seedlings can be planted, or transferred to pots, when they are robust and have reached a height of about 6 cm. For those who have broadcast sowing in the open field, they can thin out the cultivation by leaving a space of about 30 cm between one plant and another.
Thebasilit needs a sunny position and, especially during growth, frequent irrigation.
It is difficult to determine how many basil plants to grow in the garden. It all depends on the family's eating habits: if they like to make pesto, if they add fresh basil to tomato puree, if they want to dry it or add it to salads .... There are so many variations. In general, it is recommended to grow two or three basil plants to meet domestic needs.
For all information on the uses, nutritional properties and medicinal properties of basil, we refer you to the page dedicated toProperties of Basil.