TheNelumbois a genus of aquatic plants characterized by large and showy flowers. Any such plantNelumbois known asLotus flowerand appreciated for its beauty and its properties.
The leaves of theLotus flowerI am extremelywater repellent(superhydrophobic) and gave the name to that phenomenon calledlotus effect, studied by Dettre and Johnson in 1964. The lotus effect is the ability of a material to keep itself clean autonomously because dirt particles are collected by simple drops of water.
Theflower of Lotus, belongs to the Nelumbonaceae family and are two of the most popular species.
The sacred lotus
TheLotus flowerSacred(Nelumbo nucifera)originally from Asia, it is grown mainly for ornamental purposes but is also widely used in Chinese medicine, Ayurveda medicine and Asian cuisine. TheLotus flowerNelumbo nuciferait is the national symbol flower of India and Vietnam. The lotus flower, or the sacred lotus, is the one represented in the photo above. TheLotus flowerNelumbo nucifera is a perennial aquatic plant.
Under favorable circumstances, the seeds of theSacred lotuscan remain viable for hundreds of years: the Lotus flower from the most ancestral roots it germinated from seeds recovered in a now dried lake in north-east China and dated back to 1300 years ago.
The sheets have a waxy appearance and grow up to 60 cm in diameter. They can emerge from the surface of the water for over 1 meter with a peduncle that reaches 20 cm in diameter. The flower ofsacred lotusit is characterized by the typical anise scent.
TheLotus flowerand religion
TheNelumbo nucifera lotus flowerit is considered a sacred flower for its symbolism in Buddhism and Hinduism. In particular, in Buddhism, it is a symbol of the essence of human life, of the so-calledsacred buddhahood.It is undoubtedly considered a sacred flower for its beauty and because, while remaining clean, it has its roots in the mud of reality. THELotus flowersthey are aquatic plants that thrive on the surface but which root in mud, without mud they could not vegetate as in Buddhism, without worries Buddha could not manifest in daily life. In addition, theLotus flowerdevelops the fruit and the seed in the same period (in late spring) so it is the concrete manifestation of the Buddhist law ofcause effect.
The American lotus
From the east, we arrive in the west with theLotus flower N. lutea, native to North America and the Caribbean.
TheLotus flower Nelumbo luteait is commonly calledYellow lotus or American lotus. It grows spontaneously in lakes and swamps as well as in wetlands and areas prone to flooding. The roots are anchored in the mud but the leaves and flowers emerge from the surface of the water to create spectacular views. The petioles of the leaves can extend up to 2 meters and give life to a leaf with a diameter of 35 - 45 cm. Mature plants vary in height from 80 to 150 cm.
TheLotus flower N. luteait blooms in late spring and can continue throughout the summer. Even if the name refers to theyellow, the American lotus flower can also be white. THELotus flowersof the N. lutea species they can measure 18 - 28 cm and have from 22 to 25 petals. The Nelumbo Lutea lotus flower is represented in the second photo of the page in the yellow variant.
The American lotus flower is also used in cooking. TheAmerican lotus flowerhas been crossed with thesacred lotusof Asia (N. nucifera) and the hybrids obtained are widespread both as a food source and as ornamental aquatic plants.
The dried fruits of theLotus flowerthey are used in floral compositions, to decorate halls and apartments. These dried apparatuses resemble the spout of a watering can and are sold all over the world.
Cultivation of the lotus flower
For all the info: how to grow the lotus flower
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